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Ports Of L.A./ Long Beach Plan To Update CAAP, With A Focus On Greenhouse Gas Reductions
Kinghood International Logistics Inc | Updated: Dec 01, 2016

The ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach said they are planning to update their Clean Air Action Plan (CAAP) to reduce greenhouse gases by aggressively deploying zero and near-zero emission trucks and cargo-handling equipment, in addition to strengthening programs that reduce ship emissions.
   Cutting greenhouse gas emissions, they said, will also help the ports further reduce pollutants such as diesel particulate matter, nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides.
   The ports also plan to focus on freight infrastructure investment, innovation and technology to boost supply chain efficiency, comprehensive energy planning, more advocacy for stricter emissions standards, and government incentives to help pay for projects that advance testing and commercialization of zero and near-zero emission vehicles.
   “The updated CAAP provides one of California’s first opportunities to implement the vision laid out in the State’s Sustainable Freight Action Plan,” the ports said.

Under the CAAP, the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach have reduced diesel particulate matter (DPM) emissions up to 85 percent, cut nitrogen oxides (NOx) in half, eliminated 97 percent of sulfur oxides (Sox), and lowered greenhouse gases (GHG) by an average of 12 percent, all while container volumes increased by 7 percent.
   The ports said they “continue to exceed their 2023 targets for reducing DPM and SOx (77 percent and 93 percent respectively) and are closing in on their 2023 target of reducing NOx emissions 59 percent.”
   The Port of Los Angeles is the largest port in the nation, with the Port of Long Beach coming in second. Combined, they are the ninth-largest port complex in the world. They handle approximately 40 percent of the nation’s total containerized import traffic and 25 percent of its total exports.
      Some of the changes the ports are recommending include:
     • Phasing in clean engine standards for port trucks, offering preferential terminal access to “green trucks,” and transitioning to a zero emission drayage fleet by 2035;
     • Reducing idling and transitioning to zero emission yard equipment by 2030;
     • Updating the port’s Vessel Speed Reduction Program, which provides incentives in the form of reduced dockage fees in exchange for ships lowering their speeds during their approach to the harbors;
     • Expanding the use of state-approved alternative technologies to reduce at-berth emissions;
     • Providing incentives for “clean technology” upgrades on ships;
   • Accelerating the deployment of cleaner harbor craft engines;
     • Expanding the use of on-dock rail by investing in improvements to the port-wide rail network, with the long-term goal of moving 50 percent of all inbound cargo leaving the ports by rail;
     • Developing charging standards for electric cargo-handling equipment;
     • Creating a voluntary “green terminal” program to recognize terminal operators achieving high levels of freight movement efficiency;
     • Continuing the exploration of short-haul rail, staging yards, truck appointment systems, off-terminal queuing, intelligent transportation systems and other strategies for enhancing efficiencies across the supply chain;
     • Developing infrastructure plans to support terminal equipment electrification, alternative fuels and other energy resource goals;
     • And continuing the development and implementation of viable energy conservation, resiliency and management strategies.
   The ports said a strategy in their CAAP whose importance has increased over time is a Technology Advancement Program (TAP), created to accelerate the development and demonstration of cutting-edge emissions reduction technology. To date, the ports have invested $15 million in 35 TAP projects.
   Successes under the TAP include, "Emission capture systems for ships at berth, hybrid-electric rubber tire gantry cranes, and drayage trucks and yard tractors fueled by liquefied natural gas, which are all now commercially available," the ports said. "The investment to date includes funding for zero and near-zero emission truck and yard tractor demonstration projects already in progress.”

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